Though it once more topped estimates, a light EPS outlook and mixed demand commentary is weighing on Micron's (MU) stock post-earnings.
On Tuesday afternoon, the memory giant reported August quarter (fiscal fourth quarter) revenue of $6.06 billion (up 24% annually) and non-GAAP EPS of $1.23. Those numbers respectively beat FactSet consensus estimates of $5.89 billion and $0.98, thus continuing a recent string of sales and EPS beats.
On the flip side, Micron guided for November quarter revenue of $5 billion to $5.4 billion (down 3% to up 5% annually) and non-GAAP EPS of $0.40 to $0.54. Those numbers respectively compare with consensus estimates of $5.27 billion and $0.66.
As of the time of this article, Micron's stock is down 3.5% in after-hours trading to $48.92. Shares were initially trading following the release of Micron's report, but sold off after Micron shared its earnings presentation and prepared remarks.
Here are some notable takeaways from Micron's earnings report, presentation and call.
1. Micron's Near-Term Demand Commentary Is Mixed
On one hand, Micron generally struck an upbeat tone about smartphone, automotive, notebook, gaming and cloud server memory demand trends.
The company noted smartphone and auto demand has begun rebounding, with the former market also benefiting from the launch of 5G phones packing more DRAM and NAND flash memory than their 4G predecessors. It also mentioned gaming DRAM demand remains strong, aided by both upcoming console launches and Nvidia's (NVDA) recent gaming GPU refresh, and that while cloud memory demand is expected to moderate some in the second half of 2020 following a first-half surge, it's still healthy overall.
At the same time, Micron said its short-term demand outlook has weakened amid weak enterprise server/storage demand and elevated inventories among some enterprise clients. The company also noted desktop PC sales are weak, that the notebook market (though seeing strong demand) is being impacted by component shortages and that (like other chip suppliers) it stopped supplying Huawei in mid-September due to new U.S. export restrictions.
Micron's commentary on memory market trends. Source: Micron.
2. Micron Expects DRAM and NAND Demand Growth to Pick Up Next Year
Micron expects DRAM industry bit demand to grow about 20% in 2021, following mid-teens growth in 2021. And it sees NAND bit demand rising about 30% next year, following mid-20s percentage growth this year.
The company does caution (in what might amount to a public message to memory rivals to spend less) that there's a risk of some excess NAND supply being on the market next year unless capex moderates. In the DRAM market, which is mostly consolidated around Micron, Samsung and SK Hynix, Micron expects "disciplined industry capex" to yield improved market conditions in the second half of 2021.
When asked about the latter remark and what it implies for DRAM conditions between now and the second half of 2021, CEO Sanjay Mehrotra said current demand trends and restrained capex "bode well for a healthy [DRAM] environment" in the second half of Micron's fiscal 2021 (i.e., its May and August 2021 quarters).
Micron's 2020/2021 DRAM and NAND industry outlooks. Source: Micron.
3. Gross Margin Is Expected to Drop This Quarter
Micron's August quarter non-GAAP gross margin (GM) stood at 34.9% -- up from 33.2% in the May quarter and 30.6% in the year-ago quarter, but -- with DRAM and NAND average selling prices (ASPs) dropping sequentially -- a little below a guidance midpoint of 35.5%. More importantly, Micron issued November quarter GM guidance of 26.5% to 28.5%
CFO Dave Zinsner said that Micron expects margin headwinds during the first half of fiscal 2021 due to a mix shift towards NAND sales relative to DRAM sales, lower memory prices and temporarily higher production costs related to the ramp of Micron's first-gen replacement gate NAND technology and "yield learning" for new DRAM products.
4. SSD Sales Were a Bright Spot
With the help of strong cloud demand and a more competitive lineup, Micron's solid-state drive (SSD) revenue nearly doubled annually last quarter. Mehrotra noted that Micron's average client (PC) SSD capacity rose nearly 30% sequentially, and that bit shipments for consumer SSDs relying on high-speed NVMe interfaces more than doubled sequentially.
Mehrotra later added that Micron plans to expand its NVMe lineup for the data center SSD market "as we go through fiscal 2021 and calendar 2021," as the market continues shifting towards NVMe relative to SSDs relying on slower SATA interfaces.
5. Capex Is Set to Rise in Fiscal 2021 -- But Less Than Previously Expected
Micron guided for fiscal 2021 (ends in Aug. 2021) capex of roughly $9 billion. That's above reported fiscal 2020 capex of $7.95 billion, but (in line with prior comments) is said by Mehrotra to be "significantly lower than [Micron's] pre-COVID expectations."
Mehrotra also indicated that a large portion of this capex will involve fab-building and the creation of chip assembly and test capacity, rather than wafer fab equipment (WFE) purchases that drive additional bit supply growth. Micron expects both its DRAM and NAND bit supply growth to be below industry averages in calendar 2021.
6. A Small Amount of Stock Was Once More Repurchased
Micron spent $41 million last quarter to repurchase 824,000 shares at an average price of $49.91. That brought its total fiscal 2020 repurchases to $176 million, or slightly less than half its fiscal 2020 free cash flow (FCF) of $361 million.
In 2018, Micron committed to spending roughly half its annual FCF on buybacks.